Selection Sort in JavaScript

Selection sort is a basic sorting algorithm. It's an in-place comparison sort. It's generally considered to be not performant enough, but does have some use cases due to its simplicity. The complexity of selection sort is O(n2). It works by taking an index and making passes on the array looking for the next lowest value.

Let's use these values: [5, 99, 65, 100, 4, 12]

We start with 5 and pass through the entire array looking for a number that is less than 5. If we find one, we store it, and continue searching for smaller numbers, but now comparing to the value we just stored. This ensures that after a pass we have found the next lowest number. Then we swap it in order to put it in the correct position.

On the first pass we would compare 5 to each number and not until we got to 4 would we find a lower number, which we would store. We would then compare 4 to 12, and the sweep would be complete. 4 would then be swapped with 5 in order to put 4 in the correct position. We would then do the same pattern with 99, which would bring 5 to the second position, and continue making passes for each value.

Final sort: [4, 5, 12, 65, 99, 100]

Here's the implementation:

function selectionSort(arr) {
  for (let i = 0; i < arr.length - 1; i++) {
    let index = i
    for (let j = i + 1; j < arr.length; j++) {
      if (arr[j] < arr[index]) {
        index = j
    if (index !== i) {
      let temp = arr[index]
      arr[index] = arr[i]
      arr[i] = temp